This year we celebrate the Carniolan honeybee’s 140th birthday. It was named in 1879 by Pollmann.

The Carniolan Honey Bee, which Slovenes are justly proud of, has been given a home in its place of birth.

It was inaugurated with the unveiling of a monument to the Carniolan Honey Bee in Višnja Gora, as part of first World Bee Day celebrations in May 2018.

Emil Rothschütz (1836-1909), from Podsmreka near Višnja Gora, took a hitherto unknown species of bee out into the world. Today we carry on his work, nurturing and spreading knowledge of the Carniolan Honey Bee. In doing so, we draw attention to the importance of bees in the life circle of our planet.

Carniolan Honey Bee - Apis mellifera carnica

In 1857 Dr. Philip Rothschütz wrote in an article entitled From Lower Carniola: “There exists a diligent and sturdy honey bee, the Carniolan one.” His beekeeping work was carried on by his son Emil. The Carniolan Honey Bee was named after the
province of Carniola, the southerly part of which was Lower Carniola (today Dolenjsko). This is where the Carniolan Honey Bee evolved and established itself. Slovenes and Slovene beekeepers are justly proud of their bee, which is distinguished by its docility and diligence. These good characteristics make it popular around the world. Physical features of the species are: a slim body, with dark brown coloured rings and grey hairs on its abdomen.

Advantages of the species for beekeeping:

  • Low consumption of winter food
  • Fast springtime development
  • Oriented toward pasturing in woods
  • Good orientation
  • Quick reduction of brood in a non-pasturing period
  • The brood disappears in the early autumn

Emil Rotschütz ‎(1836-1909)

Emil Rothschütz lived in Podsmreka Castle near Višnja Gora. He was renowned as one of the most prominent beekeeping experts in Europe of his time. Besides a beekeeper, he was an outstanding merchant and a cultivated man. He can be credited with making our Carniolan Honey Bee known and disseminated around the world.

He established a successful enterprise named Carniolan Commercial Beehive, with more than a thousand beehives and workshops for joiners and tinsmiths. He traded bees and beekeeping equipment all over the world. Due to his work and its particular characteristics, the Carniolan Honey Bee soon became a worldrenowned species, and at that time it was given
its scientific name, which clearly localises its provenance. Emil Rothschütz deserves to be recognised as the  father of the Carniolan Honey Bee.